Mauritania – 11th Sitrep on the Crisis in the Sahel

LWF/DWS Mauritania Program
Situation report # 11 (April 15, 2012)

Camp Mberre

The camp population of Mberre exceeded 52,000 people on the 11 of April with the increased flows of refugees arriving the northwest and central Mali, following the latest developments the security situation in the regions of Mopti and Timbuktu. Newcomers report that a movement of population is slowed by the absence of motorized transport. Therefore, the majority of entering in Fassala do so in carts or on foot.

A contingency plan has been worked out. This plan is based on the scenario of up to 80,000 people in the camp and organizations in charge have provided inputs for the LWF component Shelter and Site Planning.

WASH
The the camp water storage capacity remains the same at 205 m3. This capacity is doubled during the days bringing the theoretical availability of water to 410 m3. Relative to the current population of the camp, the theoretical availability of water per person per day is 8 liters. It should also be noted that the water delivery chain could be improved. Temporary water shortages are indeed observed daily at certain points of distribution in the camp.

The installation of a first batch of 1,500 latrines has provided blocks, which previously lacked with higer sanitation standard, and schools to meet the standards of hygiene before beginning of school.

The general hygiene and sanitation is still insufficiently supported by the WASH sector stakeholders, particularly regarding the management of the waste stream. However, Solidarity in collaboration with the IFRC has launched an awareness campaign on hygiene by using over 150 volunteers and community liaisons.

Education
The opening of the first double-shift schools (two schools operating on the same infrastructure) will take on initially 480 children, 18 teachers and two school administrators enrolled in the camp, beginning scheduled to next week. LWF has installed four hangars 6 X 12 m provided by UNICEF. UNICEF also plans to complete the infrastructure by the ordering and installation of 48 sheds of the same size. Discussions on curricula have consolidated the Regional Directorate of Education, UNICEF and Intersos. It is planned within this framework the distribution of school kits and 200 recreation kits.

Health
Surveys were given on the frequency of diseases listed in the center and health post in the camp. It shows that 80% of the diseases in the camp are waterborne diseases and acute respiratory infections. It also notes the increase of patients with chronic illness. The health Gouvernement-HCR/Santé will expand with support from the LWF improved terminal facilities and consultation and is expected to open a third health post.

Food security
The CSA is about to complete a distribution of 460 tons of food. WFP is about to start operations in the camp with the arrival of a team that will implement the preventive storage operations (contingency stock) of general food distribution, logistics and support with mounting rubble and care of moderate acute malnutrition and school feeding.

Site Planning
LWF has finished installing 1,386 tents, of the 4000 planned. Two more batches of 1,500 tents each are expected. An emergency shelter for food and NFI, at the request of UNHCR for central storage and distribution are set up. Supported has also been given the health sector in strengthening sheds for use as classroom school camp.

The management team has completed the Inventory operation of tents. The total counted tents are at 4,469, with 4490 initially installed. That gives a loss due to damage of 21 tents, or 0.46%. These tents are installed in 21 blocks.

This inventory will pave the way for counting the tents as codified Tent / common / block / coupon registration number with use of different color to distinguish clearly between the blocks.

Senegal

Pastor Pierre Thiam reports that the social and political situation in Senegal has calmed down. Much of the ministers of the new government has taken office. According to the communiqué from the first cabinet meeting, a state of emergency has been stated in Senegal due to the food crisis in the rural areas.

The Lutheran Church of Senegal´s actions ahead

•           Refining the organization of accounting and distribution of accounts based on the activities.

•           Initializing information meetings with the presidents of rural community and Tattaguine  Diarrère.

•           Creation of local committees and training following the survey methodology of the project target.

•           A bank account will be opened as soon as the President who was traveling sign the letter for the bank to agents of signatures.

Mali

Growing concern for displaced people in the north UNOCHA – 14 april

UN agencies and NGO partners are seriously concerned about the fate of displaced people in northern Mali. The security situation has deteriorated since a coup in the capital, Bamako, on 22 March and a rebellion in the north nearly two weeks ago. According to the latest report by OCHA’s Regional Office for West and Central Africa, tens of thousands of people have been displaced in the north, where there is little humanitarian assistance.

Most humanitarian agencies have temporarily suspended operations. There is also growing concern about gender-based violence after several assaults on women were reported last week.

In addition to those who have been internally displaced, UNHCR reports that over 128,000 Malian refugees have fled to Mauritania, Burkina Faso, Niger, Togo, Algeria and Guinea due to the deteriorating political and security situation. These countries have kept their borders open and are trying to help the refugees as best as they can. This is despite the fact that many face serious problems due to the food and nutrition crisis in the region.

Mali’s national early warning system indicates that roughly 3.5 million people are food insecure. The current food and nutrition crisis affects one in five Malians, a figure that is expected to peak during the dry season between June and September.

LWF/DWS Actions

•           Moussa and Thomas attended the Nouakchott coordination meeting

•           Thomas trained key LWF/DWS Staff in communications (human impact stories, photography, etc.)

•           The Representative, Moussa and Thomas will conduct field visit to Mbeur Refugees Camp from April 18-20

•           Next week, LWF/DWS will conduct training in Emergency Prevention and Management for ELS Staff from April 23-25

Have a good week

And Best regards,

Thomas Ekelund

Fédération Luthérienne Mondiale/Lutheran World Federation

Chargé de Communcation/Communications Officer

Mauritanie


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