LWF South Sudan – Weekly Update No. 5
29 January 2012
Currently in South Sudan, there are two main factors creating violence in two different geographic areas. Tribal violence and cattle rustling in Jonglei State and cross-border attacks in Southern Kordofan and Upper Nile States.
The tribal violence in Jonglei state is causing deaths, theft of property and the forced migration of tens of thousands of people to safer areas. The cross-border attacks in South Kordofan has caused approximately thirty thousand people from the Nuba Mountains to flee to a refugee camp in Unity State, that is currently being served by a number of international NGOs.
Many people are fleeing through fear. There are unconfirmed reports of thousands of people travelling on foot towards Bor. Many people have already travelled by bus to the town where they stay with relatives. As they are not formally registered as being displaced they are not receiving.
Over the past week, an LWF staff member travelled to the town of Waat as part of a joint assessment team. Although reports from different sources vary, there are approximately 15,000 internally displaced people in Waat from surrounding villages. These people have not received aid for up to two weeks.
As the last attack in Jonglei State occurred a week ago, many people in South Sudan are hopeful that it will be the last violent attack by cattle raiders for some time. Some people driven out by violence and fear are beginning to return to their homes, but for those who survived the attacks have needs that cannot be met with food, water or other material aid. Some have lost the heads of families – the breadwinner. Others have lost their children who are often abducted by the attackers.
A boy was injured and 14 other people went missing during the air raid in El Foj in Upper Nile state on Monday, the UN refugee agency said. This follows other attacks in Upper Nile state and Unity state last year.
The UNHCR says a plane dropped several bombs on the morning of Monday 23 January, which landed on the transit site for those who have fled the conflict over the border in Sudan.
On Monday 30 January, LWF will distribute 300 kits containing Non-food items. The kits contain 2 mosquito nets, 2 blankets, 2 sleeping mats, cooking pots and utensils, cups and plates, 2 jerry cans, soap, a spade and a tarpaulin.
These kits will be distributed to those who have lost homes and relatives in the town of Duk Padiet which was attacked on the 16 January.
A further two thousand kits are enroute from Kenya and are due to arrive by the 16 February. Save the Children is coordinating the distribution of Non-food items to affected populations and LWF will liaise with them as to where the items are most needed.
Emergency Coordinator, Michael Mading, has been seconded to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs to help those in need in the wake of attacks around Pibor. LWF is focusing on the towns of Likuagole and Gumuruk we will conduct two trainings in psychosocial support. Some of the people who have fled have made deliberated decision not to return because of fears of further attacks. To continue our work in this area, an expert from the Church of Sweden will join the team in Juba in February to further this crucial aspect of the LWF program in South Sudan.
LWF is also sending a borehole repair kit from Juba along with a Water and Sanitation expert from the ACT Alliance to rehabilitate boreholes damaged in the attacks.
So that people who have lost everything in the attacks will not be dependent on food aid in the long term, LWF is procuring 1000 fishing kits for people in the area close to Pibor.
While other NGOs are serving around 30,000 internally displaced people who have fled the Nuba mountains, LWF is helping those who have fled as far as Juba. Many of these are students who are trying to avoid the conflict so that it does not interrupt their studies. LWF has provided them with a grant for accommodation, food and other basic provisions.
Arie Den Toom
LWF South Sudan Representative