by Essay Worabo, LWF Ethiopia
Rain in Dollo Ado – As it was exciting to hear this news, the rain has
caused problems with the condition of the roads, making it impossible
for agencies to move from one camp to another and causing major
mechanical problems with the vehicles. In addition, at times it was
impossible to get to water sources at the Trasit centre because of the flooding.
Sherkole camp now full – has now been declared full and refugees are now moving
to the next camp called Tongo, which is also congested. LWF
is discussing with ARRA and UNHCR to provide service in environment
protection-livelihood and community service. Sector allocations
are decided by ARRA and UNHCR depending on the gaps. We hope
there will be final decision on this matter and work in either Sherkole
or Tongo will resume.
500 new arrivals per day – Currently living in Dollo Ado, Ethiopia, are more than 130,000 refugees. Though the numbers of daily arrivals are expected to
decrease, the average number has been 500 per day in the 2nd week
of October. As a result, it is becoming more challenging to provide
for all their needs and meet the Sphere standards.
The reasons for the influx is the same as before— drought and political insecurity inside Somalia. According to Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the food security situation is expected to improve across the region but will deteriorate
in Somalia, where famine is likely to persist.
Buramino – a 5th camp Opens -LWF-Ethiopia (LWF) has now started operations in Buramino camp, the 5th camp. At the request of Administration of Refugees
and Returnees Affairs (ARRA) and the United Nations High Commission
for Refugees (UNHCR), LWF is now responsible for water
supply, hygiene and sanitation promotion, and constructing one
primary school. From the first week of November, 5000 refugees
are expected to arrive in the camp.
Water Supply – In order to supply water to all refugees, LWF and Norwegian
Church Aid are digging boreholes throughout the camps and in the
host community around Buramino camp. . Borehole drilling is
warmly welcomed by other implanting partners International Rescue
Committee, OXFAM Great Britain, UNHCR and ARRA.
LWF, despite the increased number of refugees arriving, has managed
to provide 15lt per person per day in the reception and transit
centres. In the transit centre, LWF has managed to provide this
amount also. About 2,544 refugees were served on daily bases in the
second week of October. In the week beginning 18 October, LWF
served more than 7,000 refugees on a daily basis. Water trucks were
used to fill the gap in water supply.
Sanitation and Hygiene – In regards to sanitation and hygiene promotion, LWF, using different types of communication such as coffee ceremony is able to communicate
to 102 individuals at reception centre. This promotion has
been crucial as the majority of the refugees do not have experience in
maintaining their hygiene and are vulnerable to disease. During the
week of October 7, another 7 solid waste disposal pits were dug. A
massive plastic bag collection has also been conducted. 14 hand
washing facilities were installed in latrine blocks.
Mortality Rate – Due to LWF and other implementing partners intervention, the
mortality rate had significantly decreased in Kobe reaching 1/10,000
per day. On the second week of October, only 0.3/10,000 per day in
Kobe and 0.4/10,000 per day in Hilaweyn children died based on the
grave count, below emergency threshold.
Income Generation – Finding trainers had been difficult in the past weeks. But, LWF has identified potential trainees for tailoring, brick making and leather
crafting. Construction of a semi-permanent training centre with three
rooms is completed in Kobe.